Learn More about the Different Dental Services Offered by a Certified Orthodontist
The medical term orthodontia is basically referring to the branch or the specialty field of dentistry that is also called as dentofacial orthopedics or orthodontics. The Greek words orthos which means correct and straight, and odont which means tooth, is where the term orthodontics comes from. Orthodontics is basically designed to deal with any malposition or incorrect and improper positioning of the teeth and jaws of the humans. The jaws and the teeth that are unfit with each other and are crooked may be at risk of losing the teeth early due to periodontal disease and tooth decay; are definitely harder to keep clean; and can definitely cause extra stress on the chewing muscles which may lead to temporomandibular joint or TMJ syndrome, neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain, and headaches.
The orthodontist is referring to the one who has the skills and the knowledge and specializes in orthodontics, and he or she has basically undergone a special training program approved by the ADA after he or she has graduated or finished in obtaining a dental degree. The people who definitely needs to obtain the dental services or the help of an orthodontist include the ones who have crowding, wherein they have too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate; spacing, wherein there are spaces or gaps between their teeth; misplaced midline, wherein the center of their upper front teeth are unaligned with the center of their lower front teeth; underbite, wherein their teeth is in bulldog appearance; crossbite, wherein their upper teeth does not come down slightly in front of their lower teeth when biting; open bite, refers to the space between the biting surfaces of their side and front area when the back teeth are biting together; and overbite, which is also called as buck teeth and it is where their upper front teeth lie too far forward or stick out over their lower teeth.
The most common treatments provided by the orthodontists to their clients or patients includes the use of the removable or fixed appliances, and using this can help the patient move their teeth in the correct position, can help retrain the muscles of their mouth, and can affect the growth of their jaws. The three most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist includes the fixed space maintainers, which can be used to keep the space open until the eruption of the permanent teeth; the braces, which is recognized as the most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist and it consists of wires, brackets, and bands; and the special fixed appliances, which is being used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking and these are being attached to the teeth with the use of bands. There are seven kinds of removable appliances used by the orthodontist and that includes the headgear, the aligners, the removable space maintainers, the removable retainers, the palatal expander, the lip and cheek bumpers, and the jaw repositioning appliances.
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